drug n : a substance that is used as a medicine or narcotic
1 administer a drug to; "They drugged the kidnapped tourist" [syn: dose]
- Rhymes with: -ʌɡ
Etymologydrogue, probably from droog; akin to English dry; thus origin, “dry substance”, “herbs”, “plants”, or “wares”.
- Substance used to treat an illness, relieve a symptom or modify a chemical process in the body for a specific purpose.
- A substance, often addictive, which affects the central nervous system.
- A chemical or substance, not necessarily for medical purposes, that alters the way the mind or body works.
- A drug, especially illegal, taken for recreational use.
- 1971: We were somewhere around Barstow on the edge of the desert when the drugs began to take hold. — Hunter S. Thompson, Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas (Harper Perennial 2005, p. 3)
treatment for an illness
See translations at medicine.
affecting the central nervous system
- Finnish: huume, huumausaine
- French: drogue
- German: Droge, Rauschgift, Rauschmittel
- Greek: ναρκωτικό
- Hebrew: סם
- Hungarian: kábítószer
- Japanese: 麻薬
- Korean: 마약
- Kurdish: tilyak, narkotîk
- Norwegian: narkotikum, rusmiddel
- Persian: دارو
- Polish: narkotyk
- Slovak: droga, narkotikum
- Spanish: droga
- Swedish: drog
- Telugu: మత్తుమందు
a substance that alters the way the mind or body works
- Hebrew: סם
an illegal drug
- Croatian: droga
- Czech: droga
- Hebrew: סם
- To administer intoxicating drugs to, generally without the
recipient's knowledge or consent.
- She suddenly felt strange, and only then realized she'd been drugged.
- To add intoxicating drugs to with the intention of drugging
- She suddenly felt strange. She realized her drink must have been drugged.
to adminster intoxicating drugs
- Finnish: huumata
- Hebrew: לסמם
- Spanish: drogar
to add intoxicating drugs to something
- past of drag
- You look like someone drug you behind a horse for half a mile.
Usage notesIn British English, this is incorrect; the correct past tense of drag is dragged.
Random House says that "drug" is "nonstandard" as the past tense of drag. Merriam-Webster once ruled that "drug" in this construction was "illiterate" but have since upgraded it to "dialect". The lexicographers of New World, American Heritage and Oxford make no mention of this word.
- Webster 1913}}
A drug, broadly speaking, is any chemical substance that, when absorbed into the body of a living organism, alters normal bodily function. There is no single, precise definition, as there are different meanings in medicine, government regulations, and colloquial usage.
In pharmacology, Dictionary.com defines a drug as "a chemical substance used in the treatment, cure, prevention, or diagnosis of disease or used to otherwise enhance physical or mental well-being."
Recreational drugs are chemical substances that affect the central nervous system, such as narcotics or hallucinogens. Some recreational drugs can cause addiction and habituation. Consistent with that definition, the U.S. separately defines narcotic drugs and controlled substances, which may include non-drugs, and explicitly excludes tobacco, caffeine and alcoholic beverages.
From Dutch droog = "dry", referring to medicinal plants preserved by drying them.
- Drug abuse
- Drug addiction
- Drug development
- Drug injection
- Enzyme inhibitor
- Generic drug
- Illegal drug trade
- Lifestyle drug
- List of drugs is an extensive alphabetical list of drugs by name.
- Placebo (origins of technical term)
- Prescription drug
- Psychedelic plants
- Psychoactive drug
- Recreational drug use
- War on Drugs
- Get rid of drugs. Drug Addiction Treatment Useful resource website with detailed information on drugs and how to treat drug addiction. "Say NO to drugs" May 4 2007
- The Cult of Pharmacology: How America Became the World's Most Troubled Drug Culture by Richard DeGrandpre, Duke University Press, 2006.
- 'don't drug + drive' German web-site providing information on the influence of recreational drugs in driving.
drug in Catalan: Droga
drug in Czech: Droga
drug in Welsh: Cyffur
drug in German: Droge
drug in Spanish: Droga
drug in Esperanto: Drogo
drug in Basque: Droga
drug in French: Drogue
drug in Galician: Droga
drug in Ido: Drogo
drug in Indonesian: Obat
drug in Italian: Droga
drug in Hebrew: סם (כללי)
drug in Latin: Medicamentum
drug in Malay (macrolanguage): Dadah
drug in Dutch: Drug
drug in Norwegian: Rusgift
drug in Occitan (post 1500): Dròga
drug in Portuguese: Droga
drug in Romanian: Drog
drug in Simple English: Drug
drug in Slovak: Droga (omamná látka)
drug in Slovenian: Mamilo
drug in Serbian: Дрога
drug in Swedish: Drog
drug in Vietnamese: Ma túy
drug in Yiddish: דראג
drug in Contenese: 藥
drug in Chinese: 药物
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